|Which the following best describes the diagnosis and treatment options for Ehlers-Danlos syndrome?|
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome can only be diagnosed by the identification of a gene mutation. Some types can be diagnosed by a gene mutation, while others involve a clinical diagnosis.
- Arthrodesis can be considered for recalcitrant painful disability of the joint. Stabilization while preserving motion is the first line of treatment, but multiple failures can be managed with arthrodesis.
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a contraindication for shoulder stabilizing surgery. Shoulder stabilization has lower success rates in the setting of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, but it is not a contraindication.
- Hypermobile joints with a Beighton-Horan scale of >5 points are considered definitively diagnostic. Genetic testing also is indicated.