- Biceps tenodesis
Biceps tenodesis will likely not improve clinical function but can provide pain relief.
- Partial rotator cuff repair
A partial rotator cuff repair can improve pain but has not been shown to improve function in the setting of pseudoparalysis.
- Superior capsular reconstruction
While there is some anecdotal evidence of improvement in patients undergoing superior capsular reconstruction, it has not been reported to reliably improve outcomes in the setting of pseudoparalysis.
- Reverse shoulder arthroplasty
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty has been shown to be the most reliable treatment option for this patient.