Which of the following radiographic measurements from a lateral full-length standing radiograph correlates most closely with patient-reported outcome measures after operative correction of a thoracolumbar deformity?
A 14-year-old male patient presents with right shoulder pain after being tackled at football practice. Images show a midshaft clavicle fracture with 1 cm of shortening and 80% displacement. The injury is closed and the patient has no change in his neurovascular examination. Which of the following would be definitive treatment for this patient's injury?
Which the following best describes the diagnosis and treatment options for Ehlers-Danlos syndrome?
A 21-year-old male patient who is a football player had recurrent shoulder dislocations during the football season and now presents seeking treatment for his shoulder instability. A computed tomography scan with 3-dimensional reconstruction demonstrates > 40% glenoid bone loss. Which of the following would be an ideal treatment option for this patient?
Which of the following structures is the primary stabilizer to varus and external rotation stress of the elbow?
Which of the following neurological conditions is most associated with posterior shoulder instability?